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Gandhi Jayanti
Gandhi Jayanti is a national holiday celebrated in India to mark the occasion of the birthday of Ga
1. Gandhi Jayanti A tribute to Father of the Nation
Gandhi Jayanti or Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti is observed every year as a national holiday to commemorate the birth of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (October 2, 1869 January 30, 1948). His nonviolence or satyagraha continues to influence political leaders and movements till date. The celebration and essence of Gandhi Jayanti is not restricted within India and also observed by the United Nations as the International Day of nonviolence that aims to disseminate his philosophy, principle and believe in nonviolence through proper education and public awareness. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated yearly on 2 October. It is one of the three official declared National Holidays of India, and is observed in all of its states and union territories. The other two are Independence Day (15 August) and Republic Day (26 January). Gandhi Jayanti is marked by prayer services and tributes all over India, especially at Raj Ghat, Gandhis memorial in New Delhi where he was cremated. Popular celebration includes prayer meetings, commemorative ceremonies in different cities by colleges, local government institutions and sociopolitical institutions. Painting and essay competitions are conducted and best awards are granted for projects in schools and the community on themes of glorifying peace, nonviolence and Gandhis effort in Indian Freedom Struggle. Gandhis favourite devotional song, Raghupathi Raghava Rajaram, is usually sung in memory of him.
2. About Mahatma Gandhi
The full name of the Mahatma Gandhi is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi who was born on 2nd of October in the year 1869. He is commonly known as the father of the nation or Bapu. He died on 30th of January in the year 1948. He lived his life full of struggle as a political and spiritual leader of the India. His key role in the independence of India is unforgettable by the people of India that why his birthday anniversary is still remembered by the people through many way of celebration. Bapu had developed his own techniques of nonviolent protest against the independence of India. He named his non violent (ahimsa) protest as Satyagraha means the moral domination.Those days he became famous for his nonviolent social disobedience throughout the India and South Africa. He had started his noncooperation movement of 1922 as well as the Salt Satyagraha or Salt (Dandi) March at 12th of March in the year 1930. Just because of the struggled efforts of the Bapu the India became able to get its freedom on 15th of August in the year 1947. The whole country was weeping when he was assassinated on 30th of January in the year 1948. The International Day of NonViolence of the United Nations is held on 2nd of October as well in order to commemorate the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.The full name of the Mahatma Gandhi is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi who was born on 2nd of October in the year 1869.

He is commonly known as the father of the nation or Bapu. He died on 30th of January in the year 1948. He lived his life full of struggle as a political and spiritual leader of the India. His key role in the independence of India is unforgettable by the people of India that why his birthday anniversary is still remembered by the people through many way of celebration. Bapu had developed his own techniques of nonviolent protest against the independence of India. He named his non violent (ahimsa) protest as Satyagraha means the moral domination. Those days he became famous for his nonviolent social disobedience throughout the India and South Africa. He had started his noncooperation movement of 1922 as well as the Salt Satyagraha or Salt (Dandi) March at 12th of March in the year 1930. Just because of the struggled efforts of the Bapu the India became able to get its freedom on 15th of August in the year 1947. The whole country was weeping when he was assassinated on 30th of January in the year 1948. The International Day of NonViolence of the United Nations is held on 2nd of October as well in order to commemorate the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.

3. Gandhi Jayanti
On October 2nd each year the nation pays homage to Bapu otherwise also known as the Father of the Nation who played a significant role in Indian Independence. Mohandas Karamachand Gandhi also referred as Gandhiji was an iconic figure in India and around the globe for his unique practices of nonviolence or ahimsa. He believed in the power of nonviolence and in the philosophy of truth known as Satyagraha and adopted these beliefs in his leadership that helped in achieving Indias Independence. With his strong philosophy on nonviolence and truth he proved the world that the path ahead may not be the easy, but it is certainly the most effective methods of achieving the goals. It was this belief that got him noticed and appreciated by historians as one of the greatest freedom fighters that the world had ever seen. As such, India observes a national holiday on this day to pay reverence to this great soul. Besides his contribution towards the countrys freedom struggle, Gandhi will always be remembered around the globe for his distinctive ideologies that inspired many great leaders, such as Martin Luther King, James Lawson, Nelson Mandela, all of whom drew inspiration from Gandhis nonviolence theory.
4. Rituals
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar. A legendary leader, he revolutionized the meaning of freedom fighting around the globe. On this day, people in the country hold several prayer services and community functions to pay tribute to the Father of the Nation. Art lover hold exhibition that reflect the Gandhian principles of life and freedom, an interpretation of Gandhis ideologies on canvas. This way, they honor his contribution towards Indias freedom struggle in an aesthetic manner. In some places awards are given away to nonviolence projects or acts in honor of him. Special speeches are given addressing his life and work of Gandhi with the view to educate young minds on his ideas and beliefs.
5. Commonly Celebrated
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated each year on October 2nd in India. The day has been declared as a national holiday. Schools, colleges, offices and institutions remain close on this day. Lately, October 2nd has also been honored as the International Day of Non Violence by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). The idea was first propagated by Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi, before it was accepted by the Indian National Congress and the United Nation.


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