Govardhan Puja Celebration
Govardhan Puja, also called Annakut (meaning a heap of grain), is celebrated as the day Krishna defe
1. Govardhana Puja
Govardhana Puja, Go Puja and Annakuta are all connected with the story of Lord Krishna lifting Govardhana Hill to protect the inhabitants of Vrindavan. On this day, a hill of sweets is made from food prepared by the devotees, which is then offered to the Deities, and subsequently distributed to everyone. This is known as the annakuta ceremony.Cows are honoured as part of the festivities as well.
2. The story behind Govardhan Puja
The day after Diwali is referred to as Annakuta, or Govardhan Puja. On this day the inhabitants of Vrindavan (Lord Krishna abode on Earth) would hold a harvest festival in honor of King Indra, the demigod who provided the rains essential for the harvest.One day, however, Lord Krishna wanted to teach Indra a lesson. He convinced the inhabitants of Vrindavan to honor Govardhan Hill instead, whose fertile soil provided the grass upon which the cows and bulls grazed, and to honor the cows and bulls who provided milk and ploughed the lands. Outraged, Indra retaliated with terrifying thunderstorms. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna, calmly lifted Govardhan Hill with the little finger of his left hand. For seven days and seven nights the Lord held up Govardhan Hill, providing a giant umbrella to shelter the inhabitants of Vrindavan from the torrential rain. Realizing the futility of his actions, King Indra bowed down before the Lord with folded hands and offered prayers of supplication. In this way, Lord Krishna demonstrated that He is Deva Deva, the lord of the demigods, and that any purpose for which demigods might be worshiped could easily be served by worshiping Him, the cause of all causes.Several thousand years later, on this same day, Srila Madhavendra Puri established a temple for the self manifest Gopala Deity on top of Govardhan Hill.To celebrate this festival, devotees build a replica of Govardhan Hill made of various opulent foods, worship Lord Krishna as the lifter of Govardhan Hill, worship the hill as His incarnation, and worship the cows and bulls who are dear to the Lord.At the end of the festival, the hill of prasada (sanctified food) is distributed to the public. All Vaishnava temples in India observe this ceremony, and hundreds of people are given prasada according to the capacity of each temple.
3. History and Legend of Govardhan Pooja
Govardhan Puja is also known as the Annakut puja (or Padwa, Bali Pratipada, Gujarati New Year) means the pile of grain (symbolizing Govardhan mountain) which is celebrated to remember the victory of Lord Krishna over the arrogant Indra. It is considered that at this day Lord Krishna had defeated the Lord of heaven, known as Indra. Lord Krishna told the people of the Vrindavan dham to worship the Nature because only the Nature is nurturing you. He taught people that worship the Govardhan Mountain (which brings rain to the earth) and stop worshiping Indra.Such type of message of the Lord Krishna to the people was generally to teach the people to take care of the nature.
4. Why Govardhan Pooja is Celebrated Significance
A great mountain of the food, called the Govardhan Mountain, is adorned by the people at this occasion. It is considered that the Govardhan Mountain was lifted by the Lord Krishna in order to save the life of people from the arrogant Indra. Lord Indra was throwing thunder and a lot of rain over the earth and lord Krishna had saved the millions of life by lifting the Govardhan mountain on his little finger. From then, the Annakut pooja is performed with the immense passion and eagerness by the people in various states of the India such as Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Mathura, Vrindavan and Bihar.
5. How Govardhan Pooja is Celebrated Celebration
In some Indian states, Govardhan Puja is celebrated by making the hillocks of cow dung which represents the Mount Govardhan. Then people decorate the hillocks by flowers and worship them. Devotees make rounds around the hillocks and pray to Lord Govardhan to save their life as always. At some places it is celebrated as a part of the Diwali such as the Padva or Bali Pratipada to commemorate the King Bali. And at some places it is enjoyed as a Gujarati New Year because the Vikram Samvat begins at this day.
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