Hand Embroidery designs
hand embroidery, embroidery patterns and chicken scratch.
1. Hand Embroidery
Hand embroidery is any type of needlework that is done without a machine. It can be embroidery or cross stitch. Hand embroidered pieces are usually made on a piece of material with a pattern outlined on it. Some people may embroider freestyle, using material that does not have a printed pattern.Any type of fabric can be embroidered, from silk to canvas. For beginners, small, woven cotton pieces, such as handkerchiefs or dish towels, are the best materials for learning. Look for fabric with a weave that is easy to see, as you will need to do some precise stitching to get the best results.Hand embroidery uses various sized needles. Needle size depends on thread size and material size. Fabric materials have a count, which refers to the number of holes per inch. Aida 14 has 14 holes per inch. It can hold 14 crosses per inch for cross stitching.

There are many types of material for both embroidery and cross stitching the type of material used is usually dictated by the project. The higher the number of holes per inch, the smaller each individual stitch and the more thread it takes to complete a project. Hand embroidery designs are printed on various counts of material. Check the label to find out the count.You will also need a selection of embroidery floss for stitching. This is the thread that is stitched to complete the design, and it is available in a wide array of colors and thicknesses. Printed designs include numbers for the different colors of floss, so all you need to do is match the numbers to get the right colors for a project.

2. Assisi Work on Needle and Thread
Assisi embroidery is a counted thread embroidery technique. In Assisi embroidery, the work is done on even weave linen, and the background of the design is filled with long armed cross stitch or regular cross stitch, while the focal image of the design is left voided (or empty). An outline is stitched around the various elements of the design. This outline can be worked in backstitch or even in outline stitches such as stem stitch or outline stitch.
3. Jacobean Embroidery on Needle and Thread
Jacobean embroidery is a style of embroidery design, rather than an embroidery technique. The style includes elaborate stylized flowers, vines, plants, animals, and birds. The name Jacobean comes from James I of England (Latin Jacobus), under whose reign this style of decor became popular.Jacobean embroidery is often confused with crewel work, which is surface embroidery worked in wool. While Jacobean designs were sometimes worked in wool, they were also worked in silk and even could include metal threads, and now, Jacobean embroidery designs are worked in a variety of fibers, often combined to good effect.
4. Blackwork on Needle and Thread
Traditionally, blackwork was used on clothing. The focus of blackwork is generally the variety of filling patterns used within the elements of the design. Looking at blackwork from the 16th century, a design could include vines, leaves, and flowers stitched with a heavy outline, but the inside of the leaves and flowers would be intricately filled with lacy, usually geometric, patterns.In earlier centuries, blackwork was worked normally on white or light linen with black thread, but today, it is often seen on dyed fabrics and worked in a variety of colors.

Variegated silks are a popular choice for blackwork today.Blackwork commonly employs a variety of filling patterns worked in Holbein stitch, which looks like backstitch, but is actually reverse running stitch. The design is worked in one direction in running stitch, leaving a stitch space between each stitch. Then, the embroiderer works the design in the opposite direction, filling in the empty spaces with another running stitch.Modern blackwork is popularly used to create geometric designs, but can also be used to stitch beautiful picture embroidery. Various levels of shading can be achieved in blackwork by varying the filling stitches and patterns and the weight of the thread. Modern Blackwork is often effectively combined with counted cross stitch and surface techniques to good effect.

5. Brazilian Embroidery on Needle and Thread
Brazilian Embroidery is a highly textured, dimensional embroidery that uses a variety of stitches to create floral and floral related designs.What really sets Brazilian Embroidery apart from other types of surface embroidery is the use of specific threads. Brazilian Embroidery is always done with rayon embroidery floss, which is a z twisted floss with a very high sheen.Stitches commonly used in Brazilian Embroidery include bullion knots, French knots, cast on stitch, drizzle stitch, and pretty much any stitch that can be used to produce dimensional floral elements. Other stitches like stem stitch, fly stitch and feather stitch are often used for stems and background foliage.

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