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Independence Day
Independence Day observed annually on 15 August, is a national holiday in India .
1. Celebration
15 August is celebrated as the Independence Day of India. On 15 August 1947, India got its independence from the British rule and was declared as a sovereign nation. The day is celebrated throughout the country commemorating Indias independence from the British. The independence was achieved following a massive independence movement mostly noted for peaceful non violent resistance and civil disobedience movements led by the Indian National Congress. After the independence of India the partition took place in which the British Indian Empire was divided along religious lines into two new nations India and Pakistan.In 1757, after the British victory in the Battle of Plassey, the rule of East India Company started in India. By 1858, the British Crown had assumed control of India. The situation after World War I was marked suppressive and exploitative laws by the British. This led to revolutionary calls for independence rule and sparked the phase of non violent and non cooperation movements followed by civil disobedience.

The enduring leader and a national symbol for all these movements was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi the Father of the Nation. The next decades were marked with constant struggles between the Indians and the British for freedom. Many movements and acts were carried out by the Indian National Congress, freedom fighters and the people of India. An upsurge of all these events finally led to the independence of India in 1947.

CelebrationThe Independence Day is celebrated in all states and union territories of India. On the eve of Independence Day, the President of India delivers the Address to the Nation speech which is broadcasted nationally. On 15 August, the Prime Minister of India hoists the Indian flag on the historical Red Fort site in Delhi. 21 gun shots are fired in honor of the occasion. The Prime Minister then delivers a speech highlighting the achievements of government during the past year, raises important issues and puts forth further plans for development. He also pays tribute to the freedom struggle leaders.The Indian national anthem is sung after the speech. The divisions of Indian Army and paramilitary forces perform a parade, followed by pageants showcasing different events from the independence struggle and cultural traditions of the India. In other state capitals similar type of events take place where the Chief Minister of that particular state unfurls the national flag and celebrations follow. Various government and non government institutions, schools and colleges across India conduct flag hoisting ceremonies and cultural programmes within their premises.In northern and central cities of India, kite flying is a celebrated as an event associated with Independence Day. People symbolize their patriotism towards the country with the use of national flags of different sizes. They decorate their cloths, cars, household, etc with the tri color flag. The Indians in various parts of the world also celebrate the Independence Day with parades and pageants. Several cities in the United States have declared 15 August as India Day.

2. Different types of celebrations on Independence Day
Children have a different perspective. They like this day because they get sweets and holiday after flag hoisting in their schools. The National Flag is hoisted by the Prime Minister of India on the ramparts of the Red Fort, Delhi after which his speech is followed. Other politicians hoist the flag in their constituencies. Not only this, private organizations celebrate Independence Day where the seniour official hoists the flag and everyone present there sings the National Anthem.Families and friends meet and have dinner together or go out to have fun and enjoyment that day. Almost all movie channels entertain their viewers with old and new patriotic movies and classics. People celebrate this auspicious and significant day in their own way. There was a time when Indians were not aware of the problems going on in the country and the society. But today, the younger generation of India has come forward and many raise their voice against the drawbacks of the society.

The government organizations have a declared national holiday this day. Also, the educational institutes and many private organizations also declare holiday on Independence Day. Everywhere there is a scene of joy, pride and rejoice. No rituals but only festivities are to be seen.Some people fly kites to express their feeling for the freedom that we have received from the British Rule. You can see hundreds of colourful kites in the sky that day and some of them in the colour of the National Flag. Some people and celebrities leave balloons of saffron, white and green colours, the colours of the Indian Tricolour, in the air.

3. Why do we celebrate Independence Day
Everyone in India knows that India got freedom from the 300 years of British Rule at the stroke of midnight as India moved towards August 15, 1947. Many of us know even the stories of struggle for independence as well. There have been millions of lives that sacrificed for this freedom and many of them are not even known or remembered.The most important thing is that we remember and pay homage to these legends on this auspicious day. It is important for all Indian to think and pay respect to those who died for the country. There are virtually many reasons and ways of celebrating Independence Day. Varieties of contests, promotions and cultural programs are organized.
4. Achievements since Independence
When we talk about the achievements since independence, we need to mention advancement in science and technology in various fields. Today India is independent in manufacturing and producing many technical and industrial goods. We can take pride in the space technology and development in this field. There has been development and improvement in the infrastructure when we compare India before and after more than 60 years of independence.However, all these things matter less until the people below poverty line are uplifted in the real sense. It is our social responsibility to help these people come out of the pathetic situation and attain basic necessities of life.
5. Why 1947
The awakening of masses by Gandhi and the activities of Bose behind the scenes (of strengthening Indian National Army) which had intensified during 1940s were already a cause of concern for the British.By the time the World War II had come to an end in 1945, the British were financially weak (sources indicate they were in the verge of bankruptcy) and were struggling to rule their own country, let alone their colonies. The victory of Labour party in the Britain elections of 1945 was received very well by our freedom fighters because the Labour party had promised to work on granting independence to English colonies including India.

Lord Wavell initiated talks with Indian leaders for Indian Independence and inspite of several disagreements and disruptions, it was gaining momentum and in Feb 1947, Lord Mountbatten was appointed as the last viceroy of India to oversee the transfer of power.The plan initially was to transfer power from Britain to India by June 1948. Immediately after assuming power in Feb 1947, Lord Mountbatten had begun a series of talks with Indian leaders for a consensus. But things were not so simple especially due to conflicts between Jinnah & Nehru on the matter of partition. Jinnah



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