Lata Mangeshkar
Lata Mangeshkar is an Indian singer, and occasional music-composer.
1. Biography
Lata Mangeshkar was born in the princely state of Indore, which is now a part of present state of Madhya Pradesh. Her father, Deenanath Mangeshkar was a classical singer and theatre artist. Lata is the oldest of all her siblings. Her music career started as early as the age of five, when she started assisting her father, in his musical plays. Her father passed away when she was merely 13 and then her struggle in the real world began.During the early 1940s, she was mentored by eminent music personalities like Ustad Amanat Ali Khan who gave her the basic training in Hindustani Classical Music, also Bade Ghulam Ali Khan. Later she was also mentored by Ghulam Haider Sahab, who not only supported her but gave her a break in his film Majboor (1948) with the song Dil Mera Toda. In her earlier days she was often shunned by critics as thin voiced and was said to replicate the voice of reputed singer Noor Jehan. Her most prominent hit of that decade was Aayega Aanewala (Mahal;1949).

950s was a very lucrative period for Lata Mangeshkar. She managed to bag work with most prominent music directors of those times like S.D Burman, Khayyam, Shankar Jaikishan, Naushad, Hemanta Kumar and Anandji Kalyanji. She sang for epic films Baiju Bawra (1952), Mughal e Azam(1960), Shree420 (1955), Chori Chori(1956), Devdas(1955), Madhumati(1958). Her song Aaja Re Pardesi had become a huge hit that year. Lata Mangeshkar in the 1950s had set herself as quite a name and her popularity just grew in the next decades to come.960s began with hit films for Lata like Mughal e Azam. Her songs Ajeeb Dastan Hai Yeh and Kahin Deep Jale Kahin Dil have become evergreen classics. In 1963, Mangeshkar sang Ae Mere Watan Ke Logon in front of Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru which moved him to tears. The song was composed in the context of the Sino Indian War. This was a period of rich collaborations for Lata, as she reunited with S. D. Burman and continued her alliance with music composer Madan Mohan and Laxmikant Pyarelal, belting out popular numbers like Aap Ki Nazron Ne Samjha (Anpadh 1962), Gata Rahe Mera Dil, Piya Tose and Aaj Phir Jine Ki Tammana Hai (Guide 1965), Tu Jahaa Chalega (Mera Saaya 1966), Hothon Pe Aisi Baat (Jewel Thief 1967), Naina Barse Rim Jhim Rim Jhim and another track Lag Ja Gale (Woh Kaun Thi 1964). She worked with R. D. Burman in Pati Patni (1966), Abhilasha (1969), Bhoot Bangla (1965) and Baharon Ke Sapne (1967). She play backed for Marathi films and for Hemant Kumar and Sahil Chowdhury composed music in many Bengali films.

A fruitful era for Lata, the 70s saw her recording memorable pieces like, Rangeela Re (Prem Pujari 1970), Piya Bina (Abhiman 1973), Inhi Logo Ne and Chalte Chalte (Pakeeza 1972) and Khilte Hain Gul Yahaan (Sharmeelee 1971). She sang in some of the hit movies of the time for R.D. Burman in Caravan (1972), Aandhi (1975), Amar Prem (1972) and Kati Patang (1971). She began performing in concerts in the country as well as internationally. Londons Royal Albert Hall was first to witness Lata performing out of her homeland. And she began working for the second generation music directors; Rajesh Roshan, Anand Milind and Anu Malik by the end of the 1970s.In the 1980s she worked with A.R.Rahman, Shiv Hari and Ram Laxman and collaborated with Jagjit Singh on non filmy songs mostly ghazals. Lata was a priority in Yash Raj Films and sang in almost all its films from Chandini in 1989 to Veer Zaara in 2004. Amidst this there are unforgettable tracks of her for A. R. Rahmans Lukka Chuupi (Rang De Basanti), Ek Tuhi Bharosa (Pukar), Jiya Jale (Dil Se), O Palanhare (Lagaan), Khamoshiyan Gungunane Rahi (One Two Ka Four) and So Gaye Hain (Zubeidaa). She sang in the 2001 film, Lajja whose music was composed by Illyaraja, and Madhur Bhandarkar recorded her voice for his film Page3 and Jail and very recently Heroine. She sang the track Waada Na Thod for the film, Eternal Sunshine in Spotless Mind in 2004 and came out with an album of ghazals, Saadgi (2007), the lyricist being Javed Akhtar.

Lata became a Rajya Sabha member in 1999 and was felicitated with Bharat Ratna in 2001. She has founded a hospital in Pune in her late fathers name.Other than singing for films, she has music directed for some Marathi films under the pseudonym, Anand Ghan and received the Music Director Award from the State Government of Maharashtra. Lata has even produced a Marathi film, Vaadal (1953), and Hindi films like, Lekin (1990), Jhaanjhar (1953) and Kanchan (1950). She launched a perfume brand, Lata Eau De Parfume (1999) and designed a jewellery collection, Swaranjali in 2005.

2. Early Life
Lata was born on September 28, 1929 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh as the daughter of Dinanath Mangeshkar, who was a classical singer as well as a theater artist. She was the first child of the Mangeshkar family. She was born in Indore, but brought up in Maharashtra. When she was five years old, she began working as a theater artist in sangeet nataks. She also started taking singing lessons from her father.

Lata sang her maiden cinematic song for the Marathi film Kiti Hasaal (1942). Her father did not like the idea of her daughter singing for the films. So, her song was deleted from the movie. In the year 1942, she lost her father. Due to sudden demise of her father and unsound financial condition of the house, she decided to play small roles in various Hindi and Marathi films. She had to take up the acting assignments, despite the fact that, she was not at all fond of acting. To know the complete life history of Lata Mangeshkar, read on.

3. Career
In the year 1945, she happened to meet the film producer S. Mukherji through Ghulam Haider. Haider personally wanted her to be given an opportunity to show her singing talent. However, S. Mukherji did not like her voice and said no for giving her a chance to sing for his film. At that point of time, Haider promised himself to establish her singing career in Bollywood. He even said to the producer that, one day will come when all the producers and directors will fall on her feet and beg her to sing in their films.Lata got her biggest break, when she was given the chance to sing the song Aayega Aanewaala for the movie Mahal. The song was a super duper hit. The period of 1950s witnessed tremendous growth in her career. She rose to the top in the list of Bollywood singers. She worked with all the famous composers of that era like Shankar Jaikishan, S D Burman, Naushad, Hemant Kumar, and Salil Chowdhury. Shankar Jaikishan was absolutely stunned by her voice and used her voice for playback singing in almost all the movies that he got.

The period of 1960s made her the queen of Bollywood playback singing. She sang for almost all the prominent composers of the industry and set her foothold in Bollywood. Her songs got an overwhelming response from people all over the country. During the 1970s, Lata recorded songs for Bollywood actress Meena Kumari in the film Pakeezah, which brought her recognition and popularity. She performed tracks for S.D. Burmans films like Prem Pujari, Sharmilee, and Abhimaan.In late 1970s and early 1980s, Lata Mangeshkar worked with the children of the music composers, with whom she had worked in the past. In the year 1990, Lata established her own production house. Their first and last film Lekin was a total flop. Mangeshkar has also sung some non film songs including ghazals with Jagjit Singh. Lata Mangeshkar has also sung for Yash Chopra`s films including Lamhe, Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge, Darr, Yeh Dillagi, and Dil To Pagal Hai. She sang quite a number of Bengali songs with renowned music directors like Salil Chowdhury and Hemant Kumar.

4. Childhood
Lata Mangeshkar was born on September 28, 1929 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh into a Maharashtrian Brahmin household. Her father was Dinanath Mangeshkar and her mother was named Shudhmati.Lata was the oldest of several children. She had a younger brother named Hridayanath Mangeshkar, as well as three younger sisters named Asha (Bhosle), Usha and Meena. (Of these Asha Bhosle would grow up to rival Lata in the world of film music.)Her exposure to music began in infancy. Her father Dinanath was an accompanied classical vocalist and was very active in the theatre. It is said that Lata made her acting debut at the age of five in a play in which her father was participating.Latas musical studies were not limited to hearing her father sing. She also studied under Aman Ali Khan, and later under Amanat Khan, and acquired a good background in classical music.
5. Latas Peak
The next three decades would see Lata Mangeshkar reign as the undisputed queen of the Hindi film song. She sang with almost all of the major music directors, and acquired a considerable clout in the politics of the film industry.It is pointless to try and enumerate the songs that she did; however, there are a few songs which stand out. In particular O Sajna Barkha Bahaar Aayee from Parakh (1960), Aaja re Pardesi from Madhumati (1958), Itna na Mujhse Tu Pyaar Badhaa from Chhaya (1961), Allah Tero Naam from Hum Dono (1961), Ehsaan Tera Hoga Mujh par from Junglee (1961), and Yeh Sama from Jab Jab Phool Khile (1965), seem particularly notable.Lata also worked with most of the major music directors in this period. Her work with, both S.D. Burman and R.D. Burman were very fruitful. She also worked with, Shankar Jaikishan, Salil Chowdhury, Naushad and a host of others. It is often said that her best work came with her songs for Madan Mohan and C. Ramchandra. It is interesting to note that O.P. Nayyar was one of the few major music directors to not utilize her talents.

However Latas reign was not always a smooth one. There was the well known professional rivalry with her sister Asha Bhosle. For some years she would not sing with Mohd. Rafi due to a long standing dispute over royalties. For some years she would not work with the music director S.D. Burman. During the peak of her career, she had a tremendous political clout within the film industry and is known to have exercised this freely; this created ill will in many quarters.

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