shlok.mobi
World Architecture
World Architecture is a art or practice of designing and constructing buildings.. Maximum output with some simple thoughts...
Cappadocia underground cities
Turkey
Cappadocia, a region of central Anatolia in Turkey, lies within the triangle of Nevsehir, Aksaray, and Kayseri. It is bounded by the now dormant Mount Erciyes in the east and Mount Hasandag in the south. Prehistoric eruptions of these volcanoes blanketed a wide area with a 1,500-foot 450-meter layer of ash and detritus. The hardening tufa was carved by nature into thousands of distinctive pyramidal rock formations known asfairy chimneys, within which generations of settlers have created astounding subterranean cities. Guesses at the total number vary from 30 to 200. Carved from the living rock to a depth of at least twenty stories, and each able to house tens of thousands of people, the underground cities result from 3,000 years of continual adaptation and extension. Derinkuyu and Kaymakli, described below, are only two of such architectural feats in the region. Who were these intrepid constructors, who built downward instead of upward, and whose houses were framed with shafts and corridors rather than columns and beams? Over millennia Cappadocia has been occupied in turn by invading Lycians, Phrygians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Byzantines, and Seljuk and Ottoman Turks. The indigenous Hittites were probably first to build underground. In the fourteenth century b.c., retreating from Phrygian invaders, they made excavations, normally of no more than two levels. The next major wave of building was not until the fourth century a.d. Always strategically vital, fertile Cappadocia became a Roman province in a.d. 17, and its towns flourished under stable Roman rule. Within about 200 years it became a center of eastern Christianity and when the persecution reached its final peak around a.d. 305, the Christians withdrew to the mountain fastnesses, building secure subterranean places in which to live and worship. The peril passed with the Edict of Toleration a.d. 313 but reemerged for different reasons under the excesses of iconoclasm 726 843, as well as the incursions of Arabs. The Christian response to renewed threats was to build rock-cut churches and monasteries, often adapting and extending much older underground houses. The G

Ajanta Caves
Facts about Plant
Tips to get ready for Group Discussion
Makeup for Valentine's Day
The Crazy and PickUp Trucks
Bill Gates
The Crocodile and Monkey
Google Search Tips
Greatest Concept Cars Ever
Career Options After 10th
Delicious Cookie Recipes
Christmas Poems
Valentines Day Fashion
Romantic Valentines Day Cocktails
Know Old Stamps
New Year Wishes
Strangest New Years Traditions
Precautions while using Electrical Equipment
Top University
Men Like in Women
Cinderella
Xmas For Kids
Best Tourist Spots in the World
What to Eat in Jammu and Kashmir
Most Stylish Bikes
Tips for Smart Work
Precautions while using Oxygen Therapy
What to Eat in West Bengal
Top High Speed Bullet Trains
New Year Games
Longest Bridges In The World
Tips To Prepare a Government Job Interview
Business Success Tips
Fish Aquarium
Latest Sarees in bollywood
Most Expensive Cars in the World
Handmade Valentines Day Cards
Xmas Decoration Ideas
What to Eat in Goa
Weird Food
Economy of India
Management Tips
Tips for Hosting a Xmas Party
Teachers Day
Lazy Girl Nail Art Ideas
Amazing Facts About Your Heart
Precaution while using WiFi
Lata Mangeshkar
Pet Care
Xmas Tree